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الولايات المتحدة ترد كتابياً على المطالب الروسية

أصدرت الولايات المتحدة ردها الرسمي على المطالب الروسية بشأن الأزمة في أوكرانيا.

وقال وزير الخارجية الأمريكي أنتوني بلينكن، إن بلاده أرسلت اقتراحاً يقدّم “مساراً دبلوماسياً جدياً للمضي قدماً، يجب أن تختاره روسيا”، موضحا أن واشنطن تعمل في الوقت ذاته على تعزيز الدفاعات العسكرية لأوكرانيا.

وحثّ بلينكن المواطنين الأمريكيين في أوكرانيا على “التفكير جدياً” بمغادرة أوكرانيا، مكرّراً توجيهاته السابقة.

وكانت روسيا قد أصدر قائمة مكتوبة، تتضمن مخاوفها من توسع حلف الناتو العسكري، والقضايا الأمنية المتعلقة بهذه الخطوة. وجاء في القائمة، طلب إلى الناتو باستبعاد إمكانية انضمام أوكرانيا إلى الحلف.

وقال وزير الخارجية الأمريكي إن رد الولايات المتحدة أوضح “مبادئها الأساسية”، ومن ضمنها سيادة أوكرانيا وحقها في اختيار أن تكون جزءاً من تحالفات أمنية مثل الناتو.وأَضاف: “لا ينبغي أن يكون هناك شك في جدية هدفنا، حين يتعلق الأمر بالدبلوماسية، ونحن نتصرف بذات التركيز والقوة لتعزيز دفاعات أوكرانيا ،وإعداد ردّ سريع موحد على المزيد من العدوان الروسي”. وتابع قائلاً إن “الأمر متروك لروسيا كي تقرر كيفية الرد”. “نحن جاهزون في كلتا الحالتين”.

وأعلنت وزارة الخارجية الأميريكية عن إرسال ثلاث سفن، تحمل “مساعدة” عسكرية هذا الأسبوع، تتضمن صواريخ جافلين وأسلحة مضادة للدروع، إلى جانب مئات الأطنان من الذخيرة والمعدات.

وردّاً على على سؤال حول تعزيز وجود الناتو قرب الحدود الروسية، قال وزير الخارجية سيرغي لافروف الأربعاء إن ستولتنبرغ “فقد الاتصال بالواقع”. وأَضاف لافروف في لقاء مع الصحافة في البرلمان الروسي، بثّ مباشرة عبر وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي: “أتعلم ، لقد توقفت عن الاطلاع على تصريحاته منذ وقت طويل”.

ونفى بلينكن وجود أي خلاف أو اختلاف في الرأي، بين الولايات المتحدة وحلفائها الأوروبيين. وقال إن الناتو أعدّ مجموعة مقترحاته الخاصة التي “تعزز بالكامل مقترحاتنا والعكس صحيح”. وقال بلينكن إن “الدبلوماسية تملك فرصة أفضل للنجاح، إن وفرنا المساحة لمحادثات سرّية”.

ولم تخرج أي من الوثيقتين الأمريكية أو الروسية إلى العلن.

وقال الأمين العام لحلف الناتو ينس ستولتنبرغ إن وثيقة الحلف ُسلّمت إلى موسكو. وأضاف أنه بينما كان على استعداد للاستماع إلى مخاوف روسيا، يبقى لجميع الدول الحق في اختيار الترتيبات الأمنية الخاصة بها.

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