الرئيسية » ملفات » صحة وطب »

حظر … يطال رضاعات الأطفال

دأبت الجمعيات الناشطة ومراكز البحث الجامعي على التحذير من مخاطر الـ«بيسفينول-أ» (Bisphenol-A)، من دون جدوى، إلى أن بدأت الدوائر الصحية في أوروبا تتحرك جراء وصول دراسات جديدة تشير إلى خطر استعمال هذه المادة الكيميائية، خصوصاً في أوعية الطعام والعلب البلاستيكية.
وكان  استعمال «بيسفينول-أ» مسموحاً قبل سنوات في الرضاعات البلاستيكية، قبل أن يمنع منعاً باتاً عام ١٩٩٤، إلا أن هذه المادة موجودة في العديد من المنتجات شائعة الإستعمال والمتداولة يومياً، كالأواني والأغطية والعلب البلاستيكية.
وقد أقرت السلطات الفرنسية قانوناً يحظر استعمال هذه المادة في الأوعية الغذائية، ويسري مفعوله بدءاً من أول كانون الثاني/ يناير عام ٢٠١٤.
وتشير كافة الدراسات إلى أن الـ«بيسفينول-أ» يسهّل تخزين الدهون في الكبد، ومن المفارقات أن هذه التأثيرات تكون ذات فاعلية أكبر عندما تكون جرعات «بيسفينول-أ» الممتصّة ضعيفة، أي أن عامل الزمن يلعب دورآً كبيراً في «تثبيت» المادة في جسم المرأة بشكل خاص.
وكانت الوكالة الأوروبية لسلامة الأغذية قد حددت نسبة الكمية اليومية المسموح بها لـ«بيسفينول-أ» بـ0.05 مليغرامات لكل كيلوغرام من وزن الشخص.
يُعرف «بيسفينول-أ» كمخلّ للنظام الهرموني او الغددي، وأنه «قادر على تقليد حركة الاستروجين جزئياً»، وهي الهرمونات الجنسية الأنثوية، حسب تقرير للمعهد الوطني للبحوث الزراعية الفرنسي. وأظهرت دراسات حديثة بأنّ هذه المادة تؤهب إنتاج الأنسولين من البنكرياس، وبالتالي تسهّل نموّ الأنسجة الشحميّة، وهي المكان الأساسي لتخزين الدهون في الجسم.
وقد درس المعهد الموجود في تولوز، تداعيات التعرّض المطوّل لـ«الجرعات الخفيفة» من «بيسفينول-أ» وتأثيرها على الكبد، وظهر أن لديها تأثيراً أكبر من الجرعات المرتفعة على نشاط العديد من الجينات المرتبطة بتصنيع الدهون. إذ تبين أنها تسهّل تخزين الدهون على مستوى الكبد، وهي ظاهرة يرجع إليها الأطباء تحت إسم التنكّس الدهني الكبديّ، وهذ بحد ذاته لا يشكل خطراً ولكنه يسهل ظهور تعديلات أيضية ونسيجية اخرى، ومنها أمراض داء السكري من النوع الثاني».
وكانت دراسة أميركية أجرتها كلية الصحة العامة في جامعة هارفرد قد أظهرت أن الفتيات اللواتي يتعرضن لمادة «بيسفينول-أ»، وهن ما زلن في الرحم، يعانين من اضطرابات سلوكية في الصغر (من سن الثالثة) أكثر من الفتيات اللواتي استهلكت أمهاتهن كمية أقل من هذه المادة الكيميائية.واستندت الدراسة إلى بيانات ٢٤٤ أماً وأولادهن حتى سن الثالثة في ولاية أوهايو، وأجرى الباحثون تحاليل على عينات البول لدى الأمهات في الأسبوعين الـ١٦ والـ٢٦ من الحمل وعند الولادة، وعلى عينات البول لدى أطفالهن أيضاً. وسجلوا وجود «بيسفينول-أ» في ٨٥ في المئة من عينات البول لدى الأمهات وفي ٩٦ في المئة من تلك الخاصة بالأولاد. وتبين أن الفتيات اللواتي ظهرت لدى أمهاتهن نسب عالية من «بيسفينول-أ» في البول خلال فترة الحمل يعانين أكثر من الأخريات من القلق والاكتئاب وتكاسل في النشاط.
وأظهرت دراسات سابقة علاقة بين «بيسفينول-أ» وسلوك الأولاد، إلا أن هذه هي المرة الأولى التي تشير إلى أن فترة تواجد الجنين في الرحم هي الفترة التي تؤهب عمل مادة «بيسفينول-أ» ما يترك آثارا على السلوك.

اُكتب تعليقك (Your comment):

Translate »
We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
Cookies settings
Accept
Privacy & Cookie policy
Privacy & Cookies policy
Cookie name Active

Privacy Policy

What information do we collect?

We collect information from you when you register on our site or place an order. When ordering or registering on our site, as appropriate, you may be asked to enter your: name, e-mail address or mailing address.

What do we use your information for?

Any of the information we collect from you may be used in one of the following ways: To personalize your experience (your information helps us to better respond to your individual needs) To improve our website (we continually strive to improve our website offerings based on the information and feedback we receive from you) To improve customer service (your information helps us to more effectively respond to your customer service requests and support needs) To process transactions Your information, whether public or private, will not be sold, exchanged, transferred, or given to any other company for any reason whatsoever, without your consent, other than for the express purpose of delivering the purchased product or service requested. To administer a contest, promotion, survey or other site feature To send periodic emails The email address you provide for order processing, will only be used to send you information and updates pertaining to your order.

How do we protect your information?

We implement a variety of security measures to maintain the safety of your personal information when you place an order or enter, submit, or access your personal information. We offer the use of a secure server. All supplied sensitive/credit information is transmitted via Secure Socket Layer (SSL) technology and then encrypted into our Payment gateway providers database only to be accessible by those authorized with special access rights to such systems, and are required to?keep the information confidential. After a transaction, your private information (credit cards, social security numbers, financials, etc.) will not be kept on file for more than 60 days.

Do we use cookies?

Yes (Cookies are small files that a site or its service provider transfers to your computers hard drive through your Web browser (if you allow) that enables the sites or service providers systems to recognize your browser and capture and remember certain information We use cookies to help us remember and process the items in your shopping cart, understand and save your preferences for future visits, keep track of advertisements and compile aggregate data about site traffic and site interaction so that we can offer better site experiences and tools in the future. We may contract with third-party service providers to assist us in better understanding our site visitors. These service providers are not permitted to use the information collected on our behalf except to help us conduct and improve our business. If you prefer, you can choose to have your computer warn you each time a cookie is being sent, or you can choose to turn off all cookies via your browser settings. Like most websites, if you turn your cookies off, some of our services may not function properly. However, you can still place orders by contacting customer service. Google Analytics We use Google Analytics on our sites for anonymous reporting of site usage and for advertising on the site. If you would like to opt-out of Google Analytics monitoring your behaviour on our sites please use this link (https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout/)

Do we disclose any information to outside parties?

We do not sell, trade, or otherwise transfer to outside parties your personally identifiable information. This does not include trusted third parties who assist us in operating our website, conducting our business, or servicing you, so long as those parties agree to keep this information confidential. We may also release your information when we believe release is appropriate to comply with the law, enforce our site policies, or protect ours or others rights, property, or safety. However, non-personally identifiable visitor information may be provided to other parties for marketing, advertising, or other uses.

Registration

The minimum information we need to register you is your name, email address and a password. We will ask you more questions for different services, including sales promotions. Unless we say otherwise, you have to answer all the registration questions. We may also ask some other, voluntary questions during registration for certain services (for example, professional networks) so we can gain a clearer understanding of who you are. This also allows us to personalise services for you. To assist us in our marketing, in addition to the data that you provide to us if you register, we may also obtain data from trusted third parties to help us understand what you might be interested in. This ‘profiling’ information is produced from a variety of sources, including publicly available data (such as the electoral roll) or from sources such as surveys and polls where you have given your permission for your data to be shared. You can choose not to have such data shared with the Guardian from these sources by logging into your account and changing the settings in the privacy section. After you have registered, and with your permission, we may send you emails we think may interest you. Newsletters may be personalised based on what you have been reading on theguardian.com. At any time you can decide not to receive these emails and will be able to ‘unsubscribe’. Logging in using social networking credentials If you log-in to our sites using a Facebook log-in, you are granting permission to Facebook to share your user details with us. This will include your name, email address, date of birth and location which will then be used to form a Guardian identity. You can also use your picture from Facebook as part of your profile. This will also allow us and Facebook to share your, networks, user ID and any other information you choose to share according to your Facebook account settings. If you remove the Guardian app from your Facebook settings, we will no longer have access to this information. If you log-in to our sites using a Google log-in, you grant permission to Google to share your user details with us. This will include your name, email address, date of birth, sex and location which we will then use to form a Guardian identity. You may use your picture from Google as part of your profile. This also allows us to share your networks, user ID and any other information you choose to share according to your Google account settings. If you remove the Guardian from your Google settings, we will no longer have access to this information. If you log-in to our sites using a twitter log-in, we receive your avatar (the small picture that appears next to your tweets) and twitter username.

Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act Compliance

We are in compliance with the requirements of COPPA (Childrens Online Privacy Protection Act), we do not collect any information from anyone under 13 years of age. Our website, products and services are all directed to people who are at least 13 years old or older.

Updating your personal information

We offer a ‘My details’ page (also known as Dashboard), where you can update your personal information at any time, and change your marketing preferences. You can get to this page from most pages on the site – simply click on the ‘My details’ link at the top of the screen when you are signed in.

Online Privacy Policy Only

This online privacy policy applies only to information collected through our website and not to information collected offline.

Your Consent

By using our site, you consent to our privacy policy.

Changes to our Privacy Policy

If we decide to change our privacy policy, we will post those changes on this page.
Save settings
Cookies settings